Kuo, M. (2014, January). Spore print pink/salmon for Clitopilus prunulus. Agaricus prunulus Scop., 1772 The ridged spores of Clitopilus prunulus are interesting, and provide a good reminder that the microscope renders a two-dimensional image of a three-dimensional object. The variant C. prunulus var. The Miller Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi Division Fayod Hexajuga prunulus var. The cap is initially convex when young, but in maturity flattens out, usually with a shallow central depression. Clitopilus prunulus, commonly known as the miller or the sweetbread mushroom, is an edible pink-spored basidiomycete mushroom found in grasslands in Europe and North America. Hut diameter up to 7 cm; gills strongly decurrent; smell and taste strong mushroomy and mealy; SP pink. (Ithaca) (6000 X) Slavíček J. It has a grey to white cap and decurrent gills. German botanist Paul Kummer erected the genus Clitopilus and gave the miller its current name in 1871. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Spores smooth. Hymenial cystidia absent. ‘‘ Clitopilus prunulus ’’ FJ770408 Switzerland. The poisonous Clitocybe rivulosa (Fool's Funnel). (2014-2018): Číselník hub České republiky 2018, Česká vědecká společnost pro mykologii [as Clitopilus prunulus (Scop.) Stem fleshy, solid or stuffed, slightly / bulbous.- / Clitopilus prunulus Whitish mushroom with smooth stalk and pinkish buff spore print growing on ground in woods. Clitopilus orcella (Bull.) Clitopilus austroprunulus KC139084. Tyrolean naturalist Giovanni Antonio Scopoli described the miller as Agaricus prunulus in 1772. It almost appears as though there are two very different types of spores being produced by the same mushroom--until one imagines what an (American) football with ridges might look like when viewed from the end. Clitopilus prunulus (Dread Dough Clitopilus) Family. ]. . Spores that are pointed-ellipsoid and ridged lengthwise. , A specimen identified as C. cf prunulus collected from Kermandie Track in southern Tasmania was related though basal to other collections of the species. Clitopilus prunulus (U.  French mycologist Pierre Bulliard called it Agaricus orcella in 1793. Clitopilus prunulus Name Synonyms Agaricus orcella Bull. Taken together (because that's all we can hope to do in the field) Clitocybe rivulosa/Clitocybe dealbataare fairly common and widespread throughout much of Britain and Ireland. This site contains no information about the edibility or toxicity of mushrooms. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Clitopilus prunulus (, Scop. Clitopilus prunulus (Scop.) - The Miller. These toxic toadstools are found also in most parts of mainland Europe and in North America. C. prunulus may be found growing on the ground in hardwood and coniferous woods in the summer and fall.  Growing solitary to gregarious in open areas of conifer/hardwood forests; common under Bishop pine (Pinus muricata) along the coast north of San Francisco; fruiting shortly after the fall rains. Taste sweet nutty. Longitudinal ridged barely visible with my equipment. Clitopilus prunulus is sometimes called the "Sweetbread Mushroom," or "The Miller"--references to its mealy odor. Kummer, Führer für Pilzfreunde (Zwickau): 23, 96. Discover (and save!) Surface Replicas of the Spores of Fleshy Fungi. Surface of Pileus, smooth dry. Data retrieved on: 16 September 2019 [Basidiomycota > Agaricales > Entolomataceae > Clitopilus . Murrill. Cap: 3-12 cm; convex with a somewhat inrolled margin, becoming flat or irregular, often with a wavy margin; dry (or, in var. The Miller(Clitopilus prunulus) Edibility:edible good. The stipe is 3 to 8 cm (1.2 to 3.1 in) long × 4–15 mm thick, and white. prunulus Hexajuga prunulus (Scop.) . , It is found in Valdaysky National Park in Russia. Three quite young pilei found. No need to register, buy now! Gills: Running down the stem; close or almost distant; whitish at first, then pinkish. Lectotype species (Earle, 1909: 384): Agaricus prunulus Scop. The Miller has pink spores whereas Fools Funnel are white, the gills of the miller are more easily pulled away, and the Miller smells of raw pastry. Clitopilus prunulus Key to Gilled Mushrooms Key This is a key to gilled mushrooms, that is, mushrooms having a definite cap with a fertile surface consisting of gills.The fruiting body usually also has a stem, although that may be lateral or absent (usually, then, the mushroom is growing from wood). Clitopilus Prunulus Look-Alikes.  C. prunulus contains the volatile compound 1-octen-3-ol, making it unpalatable to the coastal Pacific Northwest banana slug, Ariolimax columbianus. Clitopilus scyphoides FJ770390. Quél. The gills are decurrent in attachment to the stipe, spaced together rather closely, and whitish, although they often develop a pinkish hue in age. your own Pins on Pinterest Longitudinal ridged barely visible with my equipment. J.E.Lange Season:Jul-Nov. See full indentification information and photos Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Paxillopsis prunulus (Scop.) Three quite young pilei found. The stipeis 3 to 8 cm (1.2 to 3.1 in) long × 4–15 mm thick, and white. The lamellae are dense, narrow and decurrent on the stem, white when young, tending to … - Substratum: soil. Diagnostic macroscopic feature. orcella (Bull.) Flesh: Fairly firm; white; unchanging when sliced. (ed.) Microscopic Features: Spores 8-12 x 4-6 µ; ellipsoid with sharply pinched ends; ridged lengthwise; angular to cruciform when viewed from the end. The Miller also prefers woodland whereas Fools Funnel is a grassland species. Summary 6 Clitopilus prunulus, commonly known as the miller or the sweetbread mushroom, is an edible pink-spored basidiomycete mushroom found in grasslands in Europe and North America.Growing Solitary to gregarious in open areas of conifer/hardwood forests; common under Bishop pine (Pinus muricata) along the coast north of San Francisco; fruiting shortly after the fall rains. rather satiny to the touch. smell strong- / 2. After reconsidering the specific characters of Omphalia giovanellae and applying data from the sequences of the D1–D2 domain of the 28S rRNA gene and the ITS region of material collected in Italy and Spain, the species is ascribed to the genus Clitopilus.Considering the rather peculiar characters, especially the smooth spores, C. giovanellae is ascribed to the new section Omphaloidei … It is white or light gray or yellow, sticky when moist, and 3 to 10 cm (1.2 to 3.9 in) in diameter with a characteristic feel to the touch of chamois skin. .by Michael Kuo. Kuo 08050401, 06290705, 08310901. These very poisonous fungi contain the toxin muscarine, and so great care is essential if gathering any white-gilled mushrooms (for example Calocybe gambo… Edible (see important information about picking mushrooms) Description. The cap is initially convex when young, but in maturity flattens out, usually with a shallow central depression. orcellus has a slimy cap and white colors. - Spores smooth. (= Clitopilus prunulus (Scop. Stem seems to be centered and kind of robust, both of which is wrong for the species. Pleuropus prunulus (Scop.) Clitopilus prunulus is recognized for having a hat of 2-8 cm, grayish white in color and generally opaque or rarely glazed, convex, then irregularly flat or funnel-shaped, with the involute margin. The smell, labeled "farinaceous" in Mycologese, is sometimes compared to the smell of an old grain mill (have you been in one lately? New Hampshire) Psathyralla velutina (1000 X on 3"x5") (large pore; grenade-like) Sepedonium brunneum - an imperfect stage (1700 X) Gyromitra korfii (1000 X) Entoloma salmoneum (5000 X) Entoloma sp. The Miller, Clitopilus prunulus. Clitopilus prunulus is sometimes called the Sweetbread Mushroom or The Miller-references to the mealy odor I have a strongly negative reaction to mealy mushrooms The smell labeled farinaceous in Myco: Amazon.sg: Home orcellus, slimy); finely suedelike or nearly bald; white, buff, or pale grayish. The miller also prefers woodland whereas fool's funnel is a grassland species. Litchfield Conn. / 1. Spores range in form from broadly ellipsoid, e.g. Mais attention, c’est un petit champignons blanc, facilement confondu avec d’autres … It is white or light gray or yellow, sticky when moist, and 3 to 10 cm (1.2 to 3.9 in) in diameter with a characteristic feel to the touch of chamois skin.