arbequina olive tree root system
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arbequina olive tree root system

Evergreen, long-lived, beautiful ornamental with soft gray-green foliage. Product Description; Planting & Care; Shipping Info; Product Description. closed. Root components treated with high N rate (5.6 g/tree N) using the slow-release fertilizer (OSC) was similar to those treated with the low AN rate (2.8 g/tree N). Olive trees grown in containers can only be left outside until early October. This translates as the lack of a “dominant leader,” or upward-growing branch that would otherwise lend the tree a lopsided appearance. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Their small, fleshy olives emerge green before transitioning to a light pink, then ultimately turn glossy black when they’ve ripened on the tree and are ready to be harvested. Fruit Size: Arbequina is among the smallest olives varieties, weighing just 1 or 2 grams. Fruit ripens in September. Weed: baby olive trees are highly sensitive to weed. You must bring them back inside from October until the end of spring. Beautiful evergreen edible landscaping tree. Arbequinas must be grown in a very well-drained soil. Olive trees come potted and are self-fruitful (produce both male and female flowers on the same tree). With its evergreen foliage and quick growth habit, this olive tree can easily be grown in the backyard or in a container. The Arbequina Olive Tree, otherwise known as the European Olive, serves as an excellent focal point for any room in the house. The peacock spot infection is normally experienced in areas with high rainfall. Small fruits of black color when fully ripe. 4. By choosing I Accept, you consent to our use of cookies and other tracking technologies. These trees thrive in dry, hot summers but they will also tolerate coastal climate. Thankfully, our instructions are pretty much the same: Well-drained soil, 4 to 8 hours of sunlight and a fresh hole that's about twice the width of your plant's root ball. It is frost-hardy to 22°F, and thrives in long, hot, dry summers. This eliminates any possibility of roots or root spiralling in the pots. To boost your crop, feed your tree twice a year, in spring and fall, with a slow-release, nitrogen-rich fertilizer. No, you pick them off the branch when they are black and ripe. This article will lead you in the right direction and give you an insight into producing a healthy and thriving fruit tree. Saturate the sand/peat mixture with water and make a 4-inch hole with your finger in the moistened mix. Why does my Arbequina tree have yellow leaves? Basically the system is to prune the tree artistically to shape it and reduce its amount of top growth, then trench around the roots preserving as much of the root ball as possible. Water slowly using a drip line or hose. 78% of all olive acres planted in California, Everything You Need to Know About Christmas Trees, Fall Fertilizing: Essential Tips to Make Your Yard Grow, Everything You Need to Know About Willow Hybrid Trees, Everything You Need to Know About Burning Bush, Zones 8-10 outdoors, Zones 4-7 on patio/indoors, Highly adaptable, prefers alkaline and well-draining, Bumper crop of antioxidant-rich olives perfect for oils. Test the level by inserting your index finger into the soil to at least 2 inches down. Now remove the branches that have grown upwards, inwards or are crossing each other. Newly planted Arbequina requires watering regularly to help establish a deep and healthy root system. Never allow the fertilizer to come in contact with the tree’s trunk as it may burn or kill it. The earliest ones are ready to harvest in November. Be sure to allow the potting soil to dry out between waterings. And when the seed olive does grow, it won’t resemble the parent plant. A gnat infestation is a common occurrence for many homeowners. Preventing Leaks and Losses in the Utility Room. Our trees are delivered carefully in their original pots...not bare root. This should be done during the growing season using a slow-release, nitrogen-rich fertilizer. Having said that, you can boost their yield by planting two trees – just make sure they are 10-12 feet apart from each other. Simply bring it indoors before the first hard frost and prune it … Arbequina Olive Tree in Pot Feeding. Skin color: the skin is black once the fruit reaches maturity. Get an 8-inch nursery pot and fill it with a mix of half milled peat and half-washed sand. Their small, fleshy olives emerge green before transitioning to a light pink, then ultimately turn glossy black when they’ve ripened on the tree and are ready to be harvested. Arbequina is a tiny Spanish olive with intense, excellent flavor. Leaves small and short, of medium width. Equally important is a plant with solid green coloration and a root system that just holds the soil together when gently tugged from t… Trees are self-fertile and highly productive. As long as you grow the tree under optimal conditions, expect to harvest some tasty olives within 2-3 years! Fill the hole with soil and water it deeply. How do I care for my baby Arbequina olive tree? Yes, Arbequina olives are fleshy, meaty black olives that can be eaten as a snack, used to make oil, and more. It also produces fruitier oil with great character, in keeping with modern tastes. Your Arbequina olive tree will start producing fruit within 2-4 years of planting. Now position the pot in full, direct sun during the summer months and water the plant regularly whenever the top soil feels dry to the touch. Arbequina olives have a high concentration of soil, which is fruity and aromatic, making them an excellent choice for creating your own olive oil. Brine cured for eating or pressed for making excellent olive oil. Use straw with any type of compost as mulch. The roots need space to grow downward (over four feet), with plenty of air to allow the roots to spread out without constraints. Because Arbequina olive trees have a shallow root system, which gets water faster but also become exposed more easily to the sun and dries fast. The Arbequina can grow to 15-20 feet tall and 10-15 feet wide. Most olive growers prefer to grow Arbequina from branch cuttings. This Spanish variety of olive has excellent tasting black fruits ripen in the fall. Get the latest This Old House news, trusted tips, tricks, and DIY Smarts projects from our experts–straight to your inbox. After your potted tree has outgrown its container, re-pot it and add more soil to fill the new pot. If an extensive root system develops under a foundation and later dies off, the resulting gaps can cause foundation shifting, with interior and exterior problems. After that, you can reduce watering to one every week to 10 days. While the fruit fly doesn’t impact the health of an olive tree, the female fly can deposit her eggs into the fruit. The preference is for at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight per day. (Don’t let it dry out.) You should only fertilize your tree once it has passed its first year. Too often the olive trees are planted a little bit too deep in the pot, causing root defects. Can I leave my Arbequina tree outside in winter? The best time to trim their branches is in spring. If, on the other hand, the entire tree has yellow leaves, it could be due to lack of nitrogen. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to When a city dweller decamps to the country and tackles the renovation of a 19th-century schoolhouse, there are more than a few lessons to be learned. Tip: to make your olives palatable and less bitter, cure them in brine first (a mixture of salt and water). They grow to be 15-20 feet tall at maturity with an 8-12-foot-spread. Arbequina olive trees should be planted in fall or early spring. Make sure the sandy mix is firmly against the stem. If you choose to plant more than one, make sure they are 8-12 feet apart from each other, measuring from their trunks. Newly planted Arbequina requires watering regularly to help establish a deep and healthy root system. Arbequina olive trees thrive in full sunlight, when they receive at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight per day. Remove the outgrown branches starting from the foot of the tree or along its trunk. Mulching prevents weed growth as well as keeps moisture in the soil. Arbequina olives are self-fruiting trees prized for their dark brown, tart fruits. Arbequina Olive Trees are a graceful, gentle tree with small dark green leaves that prefer to be several hours of sunlight. Always check the moisture level of the sand mixture when misting. Although Arbequina olive trees can tolerate drought, they should be watered regularly when first planted to help establish a deep, healthy root system. Ovoid-shaped nucleus with a rough surface. To produce olives, the tree requires at least 300 hours of 45 degrees fahrenheit or higher. You don’t want to water soil that is already moist. Brine cured for eating or pressed for making excellent homemade olive oil. Arbequina olive trees are a popular commercial variety of olive because they produce a good olive oil but they are also a common variety sold on the domestic market due to being an early fruiting tree and often produce lots of good tasting olives! The container must be placed in the sunniest spot when temperatures fall below 25 degrees fahrenheit. The Arbequina variety is hardy in United States Department of Agriculture zones 8 to 11 but can be grown in zone 7 with some protection. Place the Olive Tree inside and cover with soil. Get an 8-inch long cutting from a healthy olive branch. The Arbequina Olive Tree is the best choice if you live at the margins of olive-growing regions, since it is more hardy than other varieties and will grow well in zone 7, easily tolerating temperatures of 150F. Fly traps and insecticides are typically used to control these pests. They are self-pollinating and will yield fruit with just one, but planting a second will boost their yield. Remove all the leaves from the base of the cutting, but leave just 5 or 6 remaining at the tip. Arbequina olive trees are considered self-fertilising and ensure an early entry into production, with a high and constant productivity; they … The tree can be returned outdoors once the frost passes. TOH plumbing and heating expert Richard Trethewey meets up with a Travelers forensic engineer to show homeowners what to look for to help prevent leak-induced corrosion that can lead to costly damage down the road. Pull out the weed by hand or use a hoe. This means a healthier root system and planting ease once your tree arrives. Arbequina olive trees have weeping branches with shiny, silvery-green leaves that retain their color year-round in warm climates. Arbequina’s do best planted near other olive trees. Espoma Organic Tree-Tone (6-3-2) Fertilizer $ 9.99. The small, fleshy olives ripen once they turn black - but they don’t ripen all at once. While Arbequina olive trees can be propagated from seed, it can take much longer to grow. A porch is a suitable place to keep the potted Arbequina indoors during winter. But when the dust (and fiberglass) settles, you'll enjoy a fatter bank account and more comfortable indoor temps year-round. Prune only to remove dead branches and thin the crown of the tree so all parts of the plant receive adequate light. Remove any weeds or turfgrass and clear away any debris from the site. Mulching is another effective way of preventing weed growth. You should always prune dead or diseased branches. The root system of a container grown tree is one of the most important aspects of the tree. To learn more or opt-out, read our Cookie Policy. Whether you grow your olive tree in a container or in the ground, it should be fertilized with a balanced 10-10-10 fertilizer every 4 weeks starting from the tree’s second spring. The plant gets 12 to 20 feet tall (3.5 to 6 m.) tall with a spread of up to 15 feet (4.5 m.). One of two Arbequina olive trees in my backyard. Place the nursery container in a well-ventilated, lightly shaded room or outside in a sheltered area. However, it's important to note that you can grow Arbequina Olive Trees outdoors as well.If you're located in zones 8 to 11, your location is well-suited to ground planting your Arbequina. Using the durable board and batten siding from LP Smartside, Jerry and his team created a functional and customized look for the home. Arbequinas are self-pollinating so they only need one plant to yield fruit. Pollinator Arbequina. Arbequina olive trees do not need to be pruned, but they respond well to it. Please also read our Privacy Notice and Terms of Use, which became effective December 20, 2019. Arbequina Olive Tree $ 54.99 – $ 99.99. Pruning can be good for increasing light penetration, opening up the canopy, and boosting your harvest. Arbequina Olive Trees are rarely affected by pests and are easy to grow organically, no matter where you’re located. How long does it take for Arbequina olive tree cuttings to root? But they can do well in a range of soil types, from sandy to loamy to clay. Step 4. Arbequina olive trees make excellent outdoor plants as well as patio accents, easily brought inside during winter snaps, with gorgeous silvery-green foliage and delicate white blooms. The olives ripen on the tree, and you can tell when they’re ready when they become glossy black. Arbequina olive trees should be planted in early spring or fall. Avoid leaving stubs when you are cutting the branches. The pot must have large drainage holes. We currently stock and wholesale the following varietals: Arbequina, Picual, Koreneiki, and Arbosana. Olives need to get at least one inch of water each week for best growth and the best chance at producing fruit. After that, you can reduce watering to one every week to 10 days. They fruit reliably in the Southeast. Tree: weeping branches with silverish-green leaves. Feed your Arbequina tree twice a year to boost the crop. All rights reserved. They would do best with exposure to a western or southern window indoors and in a protected spot. If you’ve planted your olive tree outside, remove weeds from around the base of the baby tree to ensure optimal growth. Learn more. Utility rooms are loaded with pipes and fittings and tanks—and plenty of opportunities for water leaks. When they’re kept indoors, Arbequina Olive Trees retain their leaves throughout the winter. If you live in a colder climate, growing Arbequinas will be more successful in order to keep your olive tree protected from the cold. Do this by digging a hole twice as wide as the root ball. It takes as little as 2 to 3 weeks for your olive tree cutting to root. They can also tolerate partial shade, but this may reduce their overall crop yield. We have developed a process where for a period of up to six months the roots of our trees are grown in tubes with very rigid root guides to train the roots to grow in a certain way. Once your Arbequina olive tree has established, it requires little maintenance. E.g. Cercospora leaf spot: The leaf spot is often found alongside the peacock spot. Arbequina olives do not all ripen at once. Arbequina olive trees are low-maintenance, able to tolerate many different soil types, a range of sunlight, and able to withstand temperatures as low as 20 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep the rootball damp, cover it with tarpaulin or burlap to hold it together and tie with ropes. Once established, reduce frequency; tolerates drought. A native of Catalonia, Spain, this tree is known as 'Arbequina'. Copyright © 2020 This Old House Ventures, LLC. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ROOTS OF AN OLIVE TREE . This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. May 25, 2020 - Explore Nancy Baird's board "Arbequina Olive tree" on Pinterest. The infected olive tree must be treated with an insecticide annually. Plus, Arbequinas can be grown indoors year-round and are semi-deciduous, so they only drop their leaves in extreme cold. This happens sometime in late November, just in time for holiday parties and get-togethers. Arbequina Olive – Self Fertile! To quickly develop a sturdy root system loosely tie the central trunk to a stake strong enough to hold the tree in place when buffeted by wind. Their comfort zone consists of soil that drains well (no puddles) and allows the roots to spread out, occupying an area below the ground as wide as the canopy. To plant your Arbequinas outdoors, remove any weeds or grass from the planting site. Incredibly popular for their large harvests and hardiness, Arbequina olives make up 78% of all olive acres planted in California, according to the Olive Oil Times. See more ideas about olive, olive tree, arbequina olive tree. Never prune the tree in winter or during a cold spell as this can kill your Arbequina. If planted outdoors, Arbequina olive trees flourish in Zones 8-10. Planted too close to a structure, the roots can damage the foundation. Bear in mind that potted olive trees tend to grow slower than the ones planted outside. Only a few inches of soil over the root system would be enough so as not to disturb the roots. The Florida Olive Groups has over 30,000 olive trees for sale. Use a well-draining potting mix with some sandy soil or gravel. Therefore, for nursery containerized olive trees of ‘Arbequina’ or other cultivars with comparable growth rates, we recommend to apply the CN or AN source at 2.8 g/tree N or the controlled-released fertilizer OSC at 5.6 g/tree N. Plant nutritional status, specifically nitro-gen (N), plays key roles in olive growth and Olive trees take root easily. Easy to Maintain Siding with a Modern Spin | 2020 Farmhouse in Fairfield County. By pruning in spring, the young tree will grow new buds and better tolerate frost or freezing temperatures. The Arbequina flowers early on, with petite creamy white blooms that are nearly hidden by the tree's dark green leaves. Ultimately, this perfectionist purchasing moment will prove literally fruitful. Even if a pollenizer is not required, mixing varieties may help increase yields. Important: don’t bury the plant deeper than it was in the container. Great things come in small packages. Arbequina olives are small, fleshy, and meaty, with small pits. Arbequina Olive Trees - Care, Propagation, and Harvesting Tips, Characteristics of Arbequina Olive Tree at a Glance, Different Types of Maple Trees with Pictures, Best Christmas Tree Farms in North Hampton, NH, Growing Zone Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Zone, How to Grow and Care For Meyer Lemon Trees, 5 Amazing Types of Broccoli You Can Grow In Your Garden Today, Regularly weekly and more frequently in extreme heat, Mediterranean climates/ long hot summers and cool winters, Olive fruit fly, peacock spot, Cercospora leaf. Dig a hole that is roughly twice the width of the root ball. When planted an olive tree into the pot, make sure to set the tree in the pot so that the soil line on the root ball is about 5 cm (2 inches) depth. Tip: While the newly planted tree is getting established in the first 6 months, it should be watered deeply two or three times per week. We use cookies and other tracking technologies to improve your browsing experience on our site, show personalized content and targeted ads, analyze site traffic, and understand where our audiences come from. USDA Hardiness Zones indicate the regions where different types of plants thrive across the country based on minimum relative winter temperatures. Take into consideration that the roots will extend even farther out than the crown of the tree. Your tree will begin fruiting within 2-4 years. Step 6. for 1+3, enter 4. In fact, since these trees aren’t decidous, their leaves have a lifespan of around 2 to 3 years, after which time they turn yellow and fall off. Arbequina olive tree, is currently expanding. Fruit Production. The ideal time of year to plant olives is in early fall. They prefer alkaline, sandy soil that drains easily. A full-canopy spray is required after harvest plus a second application in mid-winter. Once the first frost has passed, repot the olive tree in a bigger container and water weekly. If the soil feels dry, you need to water. However, planting another olive tree will increase your harvest. Keep reading to learn how to get rid of gnats and how to prevent future infestations. You may need to water the potting medium daily. If the yellow leaves are scattered throughout the tree, then this isn’t anything to worry about as Arbequinas experience continual leaf loss through the year. For the first few years of their life, increase their growing capacity by eliminating all the weed from around the tree. Once the blooms have faded and the fruit starts appearing, it’s time to propagate. Espoma Organic Bio-tone Starter Plus $ 9.99. More frequent fertilizing will be necessary using a nitrogen-rich fertilizer. The fruit does not ripen simultaneously, and has an average resistance to detachment. The earliest time you can harvest is in November. Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. For the first few weeks after planting your tree, water it twice per week before gradually reducing to once every 10 days. Arbequina olive trees are low-maintenance, producing bumper crops of antioxidant-rich, versatile black olives as early as their second year after planting. Due to its small size, collecting the fruit can be quite difficult, hence the reason it’s normally planted in a hedge. If growing the olive tree outdoors, it requires a minimum of 6-8 hours of sunshine a day. Overall, 2.8 g/tree N level and AN or CN sources were the best treatments for newly established olive ‘Arbequina’ trees. Well suited for indoor planting, the 'Arbequina' olive tree does wonderfully well in an indoor climate that receives four to eight hours of full to partial sunlight. Planting: You should plant your Arbequina Olives in a small container, setting it in any area with full to partial sun (3 to 6 hours of sunlight daily). Pruning is best done in fall after harvest. Trim any major branches that have caused a silhouette of the tree. Arbequina is a tiny Spanish olive with intense flavor. Once the olive tree has fully matured, it will no longer be so sensitive to weeds. These trees don’t tolerate heavy clay soils. When shopping for olive trees, it’s imperative that you choose one with a supremely even canopy. Choose a pot that’s bigger than the nursery pot your plant came with. Olives need to be watered regularly during a drought; if they aren’t this can make the fruit drop to early. The temperature shouldn’t exceed 70 degrees fahrenheit. Follow these steps to prune your Arbequina olive tree: Use shears to prune shoots that are less than 1 inch in diameter, and a hand saw for branches of up to 3 inches in diameter. Fruits sooner than seed-grown . The Arbequina Olive, is a hardy, fast growing, evergreen tree with a weeping form and dark green leaves. Olive fruit fly: This pest was originally only found in the Mediterranean but it unintentionally found its way to the US in 1998. Beautiful evergreen edible landscaping tree. Check the roots regularly to ensure they are growing optimally. The olive tree, fully grown, reaches heights of 40 feet with a canopy 15 feet wide. To improve fruit production, set up drip irrigation to increase root growth. Arbequina olive trees are self pollinators. Stop feeding in late summer so as not to encourage new growth. Place the cutting into the moistened hole you created earlier. Arbequina olive trees prefer light pruning. There are many reasons for the yellow leaves appearing on your olive tree. Once established, to keep nice grow Arbequina olive tree in pot will still need a deep watering every 7 to 14 days, depending on weather conditions. Our nursery stock ranges in ages & sizes from 1 year old 2.6qt pot trees to 4 year old 8′ trees. Trees are self-fertile and highly productive. The removal of too many leaves and shoots can drastically reduce the availability of assimilates in young plants with small photosynthetic area. Follow these steps to learn how it’s done: Step 1. Item #1392201 Model #OLI-ARB-34-2QT. Arbequina olive trees have weeping branches with shiny, silvery-green leaves that retain their color year-round in warm climates. Although Arbequina olive trees can tolerate drought, they should be watered regularly when first planted to help establish a deep, healthy root system. When planting outside, choose a site that receives full sun (at least 6 hours) and has good soil drainage. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. This plant requires full sun and only needs occasional watering once established. Test the level by inserting your index finger into the soil to at least 2 … While other trees send their roots deep into the ground, olive trees feature shallow root systems. Arbequina Olive begins as a green fruit that makes a slow transition to purple before turning black, indicating it's time for harvesting. If planted in a container, they can remain outside in Zones 4-7 until winter, when they should be brought inside. If planted outside, choose a location that receives full sunlight to partial shade and good soil drainage. The peacock spot often leaves a yellowish mark around the darkened spots and if left unchecked, it can strip the tree from its foliage. It is better to make slanted cuts against the larger branches. They fruit reliably in the Southeast. Step 5. Be sure to soak the whole root system; this will usually take 40-50 minutes. Yes, it's a messy job. 78% of olive oil acres in California are planted on Arbequina rootstock. To share feedback or ask a question about this article, send a note to our Reviews team at It adapts well to super high density olive grove in hedge with high and constant productions.In the year 2000, there were hardly in Spain about 1,000 hectares of olive grove in hedge and now (2017) We exceed 70,000 hectares, which has meant a spectacular increase (4,000 ha/year).. It can manifest as an ashy, grey fungus on the bottom of the olive tree’s leaf. For the first few weeks after planting your tree, water it twice per week before gradually reducing to … Backfill the hole with soil, then water gently to settle the roots. Pruning that removes large amounts of foliage can stunt olive trees just like summer pruning which removes leaves on a deciduous tree. Feel free to share your Arbequina olive tree growing experience with us by leaving your comments below. Arbequina is an extremely long-lived olive tree that originates in the Mediterrenean. Arbequina Olive Origin: Spain Great things come in small packages. They grow to be 15-20 feet tall at maturity with an 8-12-foot-spread. slider closed. No. Water deeply, regularly during first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system. During the planting time, avoid adding fertilizer as this will burn the young tree. For the first few weeks after planting, water your Arbequina olive tree twice weekly. It should be a quarter of an inch in diameter, ideally below a leaf node. Only add water to the mix when it feels dry on the top. Peacock spot: This is a leaf fungus that shows itself as silver or brown spots on the upper leaves of the olive tree. Step 2. Step 3. For the first few weeks after planting, water your Arbequina olive tree twice weekly. We ship to all 48 continental US States. Dig a hole twice as wide as the pot and the same depth. In the density trial for “Arbequina,” both fruit and oil accumulated production increased over time as a function of tree density. Treatment is in the form of insecticide spraying twice a year plus annual pruning in order to reduce leaf spot by providing the tree leaves with ample air circulation. Only “Fs-17” did not perform well to the SHD system in our conditions and it yielded about half (1.2 t ha −1) of the other cultivars. Arbequina olive trees start fruiting within 2-3 years. You may also use organic herbicides to kill the weeds. You don’t want to water soil that is already moist. Want to learn how to grow and care for an Arbequina olive tree? All olive lovers know about Arbequina olives, the meaty, blac,k antioxidant-rich fruits perfect for making oils, putting on pizza, or scattering across a charcuterie board. Shelter young plants from winter extremes. If grown indoors, place the potted tree in a room where it can get plenty of natural light throughout the day. Arbequina olive trees are self-pollinating, so you only need one to get fruit. Mist the cutting twice a day using a spray bottle. See suggested trees under "Pollenizer" for each variety. Brighter Blooms 2.06-Quart Arbequina Olive Tree Fruit Tree in Pot. Potted baby olives must receive plenty of direct sunlight (6-8 hours a day). Once your olive tree has matured, it becomes very drought tolerant, thus requiring about an inch of water every 10 days in spring and summer only. The most common problem when the olive tree is re-potted involves the depth of the trunk and root system in the pot. Fruit shape: the fruit has symmetrical and spherical shape. But even if you live far north and have a short, mild growing season, you can enjoy this fine tree in containers. If you decide to prune, do so at the leaf nodes at the end of winter but before the tree has started flowering. Unlike most varieties, Arbequina has a high germination percentage, making it a common seedling tree for use as a rootstock. If you choose to plant your Arbequina olive tree in a container, choose a pot that has drainage holes for watering and that is 1.5-2 times the width of the container your tree arrived in.

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